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Vietnamese labour export

20/11/2013 - 22:26:02
Vietnamese labour export
Vietnam can strengthen economic development through labour export. however, Vietnamese labour stand a high chance of being taken advantage of by some bad agencies.
 

Overview:

             Vietnamese labor export to foreign countries often referred to as Vietnam's labor exports, the economic activity in the form of the Vietnamese labor supply abroad under a contract to serve the needs of labor for foreign enterprises. This activity started in 1980 in the form of labor cooperation with the socialist countries, when Vietnamese economy is still difficult. The activity has brought many advantages to Vietnam. Since the mechanism of change in 1991, the labor export activities flourished, expanding the market to many countries and regions. In the 21st century, there is a surge of Vietnamese labor export to foreign countries; three main markets are Taiwan, Malaysia and South Korea. In 2011, Vietnam has around 500,000 employees working in foreign countries, including 85,650 in Taiwan, ranking number 2 on the total number of foreign workers in Taiwan. Labor exports contribute labor to create jobs and improve living standards for many people. Moreover, there is also an increase of foreign exchange for the country and many other economic benefits.

             There are five forms of labor export to foreign countries:

    -Agreement signed between the two governments
    -Labor cooperation and experts
    -Vietnam enterprises receive contract, construction project, joint ventures, connect products and investment abroad
    -Vietnamese enterprises serve labor supply (mainly)
    - Employees directly sign labor contracts with foreign individuals and organizations.

Disadvantages:

              Vietnam’s labor force is being wasted. There are many workers waiting for work in foreign countries at Labor Export companies or in some uninsured centers/companies and even bad Labor Export companies (those are illegal though they introduced themselves to the poor and countryside people that they can go to foreign countries under those companies’ power.)  These labor resources almost are farmers awaiting a chance to change their hard life. However, their hope is taken advantage by bad people with tricks and big debts for deposit payment. In addition, there are series of risks such as being not able to work abroad after waiting a long time, and get back the amount deposited, or if there is, only a small part may be returned. According to statistics in 2005, there were 43 cases related to this situation, in 2006 this number increased to 117 cases and 118 cases in 2007.

              There are several reasons for this fact. First of all, we have not created a favorable mechanism for employees to access to information sources on issues related to labor export’s activities. Workers often find information through acquaintances that came back from working abroad and ask “middle-man” with incorrect information. The lack of information makes these workers vulnerable to scams and do not consider all the benefits and risks. Secondly, the establishment of the center, organizations is increasing, which makes the management of the agency become difficult. Currently there are more than 150 enterprises have functions of exporting labor. The business center is opened and widespread but there is no supervision, strict inspection. Thirdly, the authorities are rather ineffective. The local authorities where those illegal enterprises locate did not get the actual situation so they did not understand the activities. Just until there are some problems happened, they recognize lately. After taking money from people, the illegal enterprises move to another place to start all tricks again. In the end, the labors are the ones who have to suffer consequences. Fourth, the legal system of labor export is limited, especially in the matter of handling errors. The sanctions are not strong and tough enough so that people seem not respect the law as well as regulations much.

Need changes for new development:

               First, the labor need to deploy the propagation and dissemination of the awareness of the law. When it comes to the need of going to work abroad, the labor should contact directly with the Overseas Labor Management Department, the Department of Labor, Invalids and Social, and companies having function at labor export. When the labor had registered by accident to illegal business, they should notify authorities and coordinate to handle those problems.

              Secondly, for the establishment of the labor export organization, Government must have stricter rules to limit the ones who do not qualify, do not function properly. The purification of these units will help to limit the negative behavior.

              Thirdly, the local authorities having headquarters  of the labor export enterprises have to strengthen inspection and supervising activities and situations of those labor export enterprises. Capturing on time the actual situation, implementing the law as well as discovering early derogations are required.

              Fourthly, Government have to amend, add the legal system more tightly and fuller as well as issuing policies, laws on prevention and handling violations with more powerful and more efficient sanction treatment.

              Finally, operation in labor export is a kind of activity needed the cooperation of countries having labor export’s relationship.  In this collaborative process, we need to sign international treaties to create the advantages for labor export activities as well as have the most effective mechanism to protect the rights and benefits of abroad Vietnamese workers.

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